Thursday, July 30, 2009

CA - Lane - Delhi

Mukherjee Nagar in north Delhi is home to a large number of civil service aspirants. Katwaria Sarai is preferred by students trying to crack the engineering and medical entrance exams. And chartered accountants? Well they seem to prefer Laxmi Nagar in east Delhi. So much so that the stretch between Laxmi Nagar and Mother Dairy crossing was recently renamed Chartered Accountant’s Lane. With approximately 5,000 practising CAs and over 15,000 students pursuing the course residing in the locality, the move hardly comes as a surprise.

The students and CAs living in the area feel the move was long overdue. ‘‘One fine morning I saw the lane being renamed. The majority of CA students live here because of the strategic location. It is home. Most of us have been here for at least three or four years. Rented accommodation or hostels are where you will find us. Once you arrive in Laxmi Nagar, you get to know everything about the CA course,’’ says Ashwani, a CA (final) student from Darbhanga in Bihar.

Laxmi Nagar and Shakarpur are home to a large number of outstation students. Close to 100 hostels for boys and girls have come up in the past 10 years and some of them don’t even allow non-CA students. Though for the last decade students from Bihar and UP had been in the majority, of late there has been an influx of aspiring CAs from Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan.

This corner of east Delhi has everything going for outstation students — from affordable accommodation to the coaching centres with high “strike rates”. ‘‘These two blocks are close to the CA institute. All other facilities including the library and coaching centres are within walking distance. There has been quantum jump in the inflow of students in the last 5-6 years,’’ says CA Rajesh Makkar, who runs one of the most successful coaching classes in Laxmi Nagar.

Catering to the burgeoning demand, some tutors have started taking classes in nearby auditoriums including Pyarelal Bhawan and Andhra School in ITO and also at the FICCI auditorium. ‘‘Everything related to chartered accountancy is either available in this locality or is nearby. Laxmi Nagar and Shakarpur is home to almost 80% of Delhi’s CA students. Even landlords prefer students,’’ says Prince, another CA (final) student.
Although many locals like businessman Karan Singh Negi are against the idea of renaming a road after the CAs, he nevertheless agrees that the huge influx of students has pushed up rents. ‘‘When people in this locality add new rooms, they design them for outstation students,’’ says a local property dealer.

However, the renaming has not been without political heartburn. Few days after the stretch was renamed in the presence of MCD’s Shahdara south zone chairman Ravi Prakash Sharma, local councillor Lata Gupta opposed the step. ‘‘I was not even aware of anything like this. I have raised the issue in the House. Roads should be named after great leaders. The plaques installed would be removed soon. I don’t mind if the stretch is named after a great economist or CA,’’ the councillor says.

Tuesday, July 14, 2009

Launch of XBRL India Website

XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) is a novel way of electronic communication of business and financial data which is revolutionizing business reporting around the world and is immense utility to the capital markets and the investing community. It provides major benefits in the preparation, analysis and communication of business information. XBRL is a cutting-edge technology standard that enables faster and more cost-efficient electronic exchange of information.

The idea behind XBRL is simple. Instead of treating financial information as a block of text, essentially, the XBRL technology allows electronic tagging of each individual item of data so that computers can work on the information using a set of rules. The electronic tags that are applied are standardized and are contained in taxonomies which are essentially the dictionaries used by XBRL that define the specific tags for individual items of data. The tags are applied using a tagging tool that retrieves the tags from the standards taxonomies and applies them to whatever format the financial statements are created in, such as Microsoft Word or Excel.

Seeing the rising importance of XBRL as an effective means of communicating financial information and the plethora of benefits it has to offer, the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI), the apex accounting body of the country, constituted the XBRL Group in the year 2007 for undertaking the development and promotion of XBRL in India. The Institute is spearheading the XBRL initiative in the country and is the provisional jurisdiction of XBRL in India. In its endeavor of providing best to its members the Institute has recently launched XBRL India website in the International Conference held at Agra from July 3-5, 2009. The website was launched by CA. Uttam Prakash Agarwal, President, ICAI in the presence of CA. Mohandas Pai, Infosys Technologies and Ms. Liv Watson, XBRL International, Vice Chair. The URL of XBRL India website is

The ICAI, India jurisdiction has developed the taxonomy for general purpose financial statements for commercial and industrial sector. The exposure draft of the taxonomy has already been issued and it will be sent for accreditation by XBRL, International shortly. Taxonomy for banks is under preparation and exposure draft is expected to be issued shortly

Thursday, July 9, 2009


1. F.B.T. is abolished w.e.f. A.Y. 2010-11

2. Surcharge is abolished on Ind. Firms etc. (other than companies)

3. Wealth Tax Exemption increase from 15 lakhs to 30 lakhs.

4. Advance Tax deposit limit enhanced from Rs. 5000 to 10000 .

5. Cash Freight payment to a person in a day is increased from Rs. 20000 /- to 35000/-.

6. No TDS on transport Freight if transporter furnish PAN to the payer.

7. Application for approval under section 10(23C) for the F.Y. 2008-09 may be filed upto 30.9.2009.

8. Approval of Charitable Trust under section 80G will be for one time basis i.e. no further periodic renewal will now required for 80G. However CIT will have power to withdraw the said approval.

9. Limit of remuneration to working partners is increased as under :-
On First 3 lakhs of book profit : 90% or 150000 whichever is more
On remaining book profit : 60%
Business & Professional firm both are under same limit.

10. Gift of property/jewellery etc. from non relative will also taxable.

11. Rate of TDS on Plant & Machinery is reduced from 10% to 2%

12. Rate of TDS on Rent of land and building is reduced to 10%

13. Rate of TDS on contract where payee is Individual/HUF will be 1%.

14. Rate of TDS on Non PAN payees will be 20%.

15. A person furnishing Form 15G or 15H will also have a PAN, otherwise payer has to deduct tax @ 20%.

16. Surcharge and cess is abolished on TDS other than TDS on Salary.

17. Presumptive income in case of owner of goods vehicle is increase as under :-
Heavy goods vehicle = 5000/- PM
Other than heavy goods vehicle : 4500/- PM

18. Sec. 44AF is merged in sec. 44AD .i.e. 8% rate will also applicable on retailer.

19. Now sec. 44AD is applicable on all businesses having gross turnover/receipts upto 40 lakhs.

20. Deduction u/s 80DD is increased from 75000 to one lakh.

21. Minimum taxable limit is increased. Male/HUF 1.60 lakhs, Female 1.90 lakhs, Senior citizen 2.40 lakhs.

22. Sec. 50C will also applicable on all transfers (whether registered or unregistered)

23. In Sec. 148 the AO can touch upon the other issued unconnected with escaped income.

24. Deduction under sec. 80E will also available for loan for all fields of studies after senior secondary examination.

25. Anonymous donation received by charitable trust upto 1 lakhs (subject to maximum of 5% of total income) will not be taxable.

26. Deduction under section 10A & 10B will now available upto A.Y. 2011-12.

27. Commodity Transaction Tax is not be applicable w.e.f. 1.4.2009

28. The rate of Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) is increased to 15%; the same can be set offed upto 10th assessment year.

29. LLP (Limited Liability Partnership Firm) will be treated as partnership firm for the purpose of income tax act.